What is EIP-4844?How it works and the benefits to users

What is EIP-4844?How it works and the benefits to users
What is EIP-4844?How it works and the benefits to users

EIP-4844, also known as proto-danksharding, is a proposal to upgrade the Ethereum protocol to reduce costs and improve transaction processing capabilities. EIP-4844 intends to achieve this goal by introducing a new transaction type that allows accepting “blob” (binary large object) data.

EIP-4844 Will perform “bolt spot” connections to blocks. This is the final step before the future implementation of full danksharding technology, enabling Ethereum to manage global transactions.

With the power of EIP-4844, Ethereum can optimize transaction processing capabilities and reduce the costs incurred. This has important implications for Ethereum projects and users, allowing them to conduct transactions efficiently and minimize transaction fee limits.


For years, Ethereum developers have been finding and delivering solutions to meet the growing adoption needs of users. Ethereum upgrades such as merges and rollups have been proposed to support increased transaction throughput and reduced costs.

However, transaction costs on Ethereum are still too high for many, and transaction throughput is not enough to meet demand. This has slowed down the mass adoption of Ethereum. To solve this problem, Ethereum is implementing solutions to protect its data in the long term.

One of the proposed solutions is data segmentation through EIP-4844. In this way, Ethereum will be ready for complete danksharding, achieving a throughput of around 100,000 transactions per second (TPS) without compromising decentralization or security. Although achieving data segmentation is a long and complex process, EIP-4844 is proposed as an important transitional step in the process.

What is EIP-4844?

EIP-4844 (proto-danksharding) is an improvement proposal protocol for Ethereum that allows developers to introduce new features and solutions to the protocol. Sharding or sharding is a technology that divides a database into smaller segments to manage data more efficiently. Danksharding is Ethereum’s special sharding technology that promises to improve Ethereum’s performance and scalability.

Danksharding is expected to reduce transaction costs and increase Ethereum’s throughput. Ethereum’s transactions per second (TPS) are expected to increase from the current 15 TPS to around 100,000 transactions. Danksharding allows Ethereum to scale significantly.

Some important differences between danksharding and other Ethereum proposals are that danksharding provides more space for data blocks, but not for transactions. Additionally, danksharding uses a unified fee market where only one backer selects transactions for all shards. This reduces the Maximum Extractable Value (MEV) problem and will enable proposer/constructor split.

EIP-4844 (proto-danksharding) is the next step before the full implementation of danksharding and will increase TPS by approximately 1000. Most importantly, EIP-4844 introduces a new transaction type that accepts “blob” data – a key element of danksharding. EIP-4844 is expected to be implemented in the second half of 2023, but may be delayed.

Through danksharding, Ethereum hopes to improve the scalability and performance of the network, while also helping to reduce transaction costs. This has the potential to significantly improve blockchain adoption and reach greater scale.

How does EIP-4844 work?

As Ethereum and its community attempt to solve the problem of increasing block sizes without significantly impacting network performance, EIP-4844 was introduced with the goal of creating a new type of transaction called “transaction brings blob” .

EIP-4844 allows binary large objects (also known as “bolt blobs”) to be attached to blocks. This reorganizes transactions to handle large amounts of data. However, the important difference is that blob space and chunk space are not exactly the same.

In this context, as an encrypted content SEO expert, I rewrite and translate the above content into Vietnamese as follows:

In order to solve the block size problem in Ethereum without affecting network performance, EIP-4844 was introduced and introduced a new transaction type “blob carry transaction”.

EIP-4844 allows large binary objects called “bolt blobs” to be attached to blocks. Therefore, restructuring transactions will increase the ability to handle larger data. However, it is worth noting that blob space and block space are not exactly similar. “

Block space and blob space (Blobspace)
spot: Limited storage costs and no execution costsbut each node has a bandwidth cost.Source: Ben Eddington

EIP-4844 is an improvement proposal for Ethereum, which proposes using blobs to standardize transaction evaluation and storage space management. Blobs are large blocks of data, but they are not stored permanently or displayed on the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). They only exist for a short period of time and are not visible on the EVM. Blobs are also not located in the heavy computational execution layer, but in the Ethereum consensus layer. Using blobs during transaction evaluation saves storage space compared to using blocks.

In addition to introducing the use of blobs for transactions, EIP-4844 also recommends that validation rules, execution layer logic, multi-way fee markets, and other system changes related to the danksharding process be fully implemented in the future.

Note that while EIP-4844 will implement most of the protection logic, it will not actually perform any protection. However, EIP-4844 can still provide scale and cost savings and help Ethereum further achieve the cost and throughput levels required for mass adoption.

What benefits does EIP-4844 bring to users?

EIP-4844 is an important improvement to the Ethereum protocol and is part of the Ethereum development plan. Currently, preparations for the implementation of EIP-4844 are progressing rapidly, the test network has been put into operation, and the technical specifications have been finalized.

Once EIP-4844 is successfully deployed, users will experience significant improvements such as transaction acceleration and reduced transaction fees. Implementing EIP-4844 will also help Ethereum become more competitive in the cryptocurrency industry.

Some users have questions about how to access old deleted blob data. This blob should be located on Ethereum’s consensus layer and used to store real-time information more securely for other protocols. Even if the blob is deleted after some time, the data is still available in a long-term storage system elsewhere. “


EIP-4844 is an important upgrade to the Ethereum protocol. This is part of a larger plan to improve the system, which includes other upgrades such as PBS and EIP-1559.

EIP-4844 is complex and brings many changes to Ethereum. But it’s worth noting that most of these changes are aimed at reducing costs and speeding up transactions.

Understanding EIP-4844 will help you better prepare for the coming changes. However, it is important to remember that Ethereum technology is constantly evolving and improving. EIP-4844 is just one of many important future upgrades that will help Ethereum become a global transaction network that competes with other platforms.

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